the new face of refrigeration
What do you need to know?
The F-Gas Regulations are now being aggressively put into force throughout Europe and they are completely forcing a change in refrigeration choice. isentra is leading the way with Carbon Dioxide as the natural choice over HFC refrigerants, such as R404A, R134A. R407 & R448. Carbon Dioxide is a fantastic, natural refrigerant, despite the irony of it being frowned upon in the climate change debate. CO2 / R744 is actually, 3,821 times less polluting to the environment than the traditional mainstream synthetic HFC R404A.
The impact of F-Gas
Here are just some of the reasons for moving away from the hugely polluting HFC synthetic ingredients:
- HFC Phase Down is now – there’s already been a 79% reduction in HFC use
- Mandatory requirements are being policed now
- Costs are volatile and unpredictable
- HFC refrigerants will stop being freely available
- In new systems, HFC refrigerants will soon be illegal
- Service bans imposed for old HFC refrigerants
- End users must track their HFC usage
- Documented and frequent HFC leak checks
HFC Refrigerants – the time to change is now
F-Gas Regulations are forcing the fastest transformation ever seen in the cooling industry. New technologies with a low Global Warning Potential (GWP) are essential to meet and achieve the F-Gas Regulation demands and objectives.
F-Gas regulations & CO2 Refrigeration
FAQ – what you need to know
- What is the F-Gas regulation?
- What is Phase Down?
- How has the cost of HFC been affected?
- What is the future for HFC Refrigerants ?
- How harmful is HFC R404A to the environment compared to CO2?
- How safe is CO2 in refrigeration?
The original F-Gas Regulation was adopted in 2006 to manage and track the use of highly polluting synthetic fluorinated HFC gases. Further changes to the F-Gas legislation were made in 2014, these amendments centre heavily around the aggressive phase down in the supply and use of HFC Refrigerants.
The quantity of HFCs that can be placed on the EU market will be cut in a series of steps. By 2030, only 20 per cent of the quantity of HFCs that were sold in 2015 will be available.
The remaining 20% supply will be for specialist applications and not for mainstream refrigeration use.
HFC refrigerants have suffered a cost rise in excess of 400% between 2016 and 2020 with these looking set to continue to rise as further quotas are imminent.
As one of the world’s largest polluters, synthetic HFC refrigerants are now subject to aggressive phase down legislation, limited availability and higher costs which are forcing end users to choose alternative cooling solutions with a much lower Global Warming Potential (GWP) than HFC gases can provide.
Continued capital investment in HFC refrigeration systems is not advisable.
Traditional refrigerant R404A is 3800 times more harmful than CO2.
Even the new interim HFC refrigerants are 1700 times more harmful than CO2. These interim HFC's are not a legal long term solution either.
CO2 falls into safety group A1 which means it is non-toxic and non-flammable. CO2 is the only natural refrigerant with an A1 safety rating. Ammonia is B2, i.e. toxic and low flammability, whist Hydrocarbons are A3, i.e. none toxic but highly flammable.
The pressures inside a CO2 systems are higher that HFC systems, but after years of component development, these pressure are now the 'new normal' and perfectly safe.
Interested in CO2 refrigeration solutions for your business?